Consists of more than 50 species distributed throughout southern and eastern Africa. 19 species occur in southern Africa. Small to medium sized scorpions, they have a fiery disposition and a painful sting. The smallest species is only 24mm in length when adult. On the other hand the largest species reaches 70mm, although most members of this genus reach a maximum length of only 50mm. These scorpions are often brightly coloured with areas of pigmentation, bands of colouration and other markings. Colouration ranges from yellow, brown, red and green. They run very fast usually with their tails out straight. They have the widest distribution of all scorpions in southern Africa and may be found from the tropical dune forests of Northern Natal to the deserts of Namibia.
Unlike other scorpion genera, Uroplectes are not restricted to one kind of habitat and may be found in trees, under stones and logs, in the sand at the base of bushes and grass tufts.
Many species have a distinct subaculeur tubercle or distinctively shaped venom vesicle. There is no set rule for distinguishing males from females as it depends greatly upon the species. In many instances, the first pectinal tooth is modified, in other cases the shape of the pedipalps is important. Males are smaller and more slender.
These scorpions are quick to defend themselves and can deliver a very painful sting. Victims are usually stung many times. Although their venom is potent, their sting is not life threatening under normal circumstances. Uroplectes do not stridulate in any way.